Volume 34, Issue. 6, December, 2018


Performance of the Autism Spectrum Rating Scale and Social Responsiveness Scale in Identifying Autism Spectrum Disorder Among Cases of Intellectual Disability

Chunpei Li1• Hao Zhou1,2• Tianqi Wang1• Shasha Long1• Xiaonan Du1• Xiu Xu3• Weili Yan4• Yi Wang1,5,*

1Department of Neurology, Children’s Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai 201102, China
2Department of Pediatrics, Guizhou Provincial People’s Hospital, Medical College of Guizhou University, Guiyang 558200, China
3Department of Child Health, Children’s Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai 201102, China
4Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Children’s Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai 201102, China
5State Key Laboratory of Medical Neurobiology, Fudan University, Shanghai 201132, China

Abstract

The Autism Spectrum Rating Scale (ASRS) and the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) have been widely used for screening autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in the general population during epidemiological studies, but studies of individuals with intellectual disability (ID) are quite limited. Therefore, we recruited the parents/caregivers of 204 ASD cases, 71 ID cases aged 6–18 years from special education schools, and 402 typically developing (TD) children in the same age span from a community-based population to complete the ASRS and SRS. The results showed that the ID group scored significantly lower on total and subscale scores than the ASD group on both scales (P < 0.05) but higher than TD children (P < 0.05). Receiver operating characteristic analyses demonstrated a similar fair performance in discriminating ASD from ID with the ASRS (area under the curve (AUC) = 0.709, sensitivity = 77.0%, specificity = 52.1%, positive predictive value (PPV) = 82.2%) and the SRS (AUC = 0.742, sensitivity = 59.8%, specificity = 77.5%, PPV = 88.4%). The results showed that individuals with ID had clear autistic traits and discriminating ASD from ID cases was quite challenging, while assessment tools such as ASRS and SRS, help to some degree.

Keywords

Autism spectrum disorder; Intellectual disability; Screening accuracy; Autism Spectrum Rating Scale; Social Responsiveness Scale

[SpringerLink]

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